1st Ohio Cavalry
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- A Discourse in the Memory of Col. Minor Millikin. Delivered in the third Presbyterian Church, Feb. 8, 1863. by David Swing. 8 pgs. Richard Butler Printer. Oxford. Ohio. 1863
- Lieutenant Timothy L. Condit. Graduate, Class of 1860. Rufus R. Dawes. In: Marietta College in the War of Secession, 1861-1865. pgs. 31-33. Peter G. Thomson Publisher. Cincinnati. 1878. Condit served in the 1st OVC and died in the Battle of Murphreesboro, Dec. 31, 1862
- Proceedings of the....Annual Reunion. First Ohio Veteran Volunteer Cavalry. by committees. 40 vols. Rosters included. 1880-19?? Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- National Tribune. McPherson's Death. Robert H. Barton. September 10, 1885
- The First Ohio Cavalry. In: Minty and the Cavalry, a History of Cavalry Campaigns in the Western Armies. by Joseph G. Vale. pgs. 410-411. Edward K. Meyers Printer and Binder. Harrisburg. Pennsylvania. 1886
- National Tribune. The 1st Ohio Cav.: What They Accomplished During the Battle at Lookout Mountain. A. Thompson. February 4, 1892
- National Tribune. The Carved Headboard. J.W. Johnston's Remains Removed to Florence, S.C. Silas Crowell. June 27, 1889
- Col. S.W. Fordyce, President "Cotton Belt." Anonymous. pg. 199. Confederate Veteran. Volume 1. Number 7. July. 1893
- National Tribune. Claims Too Much. A Question as to Who Formed the Advance of Sherman's Relieving Force at Knoxville. William Schwartz. December 14, 1893
- An American Soldier, Minor Millikin. Alexander Caldwell McClurg. Read June 13, 1894. Illinois MOLLUS. Volume II. pgs. 355-372. A.C. McClurg and Company. Chicago. 1894
- Four Weeks with Long's Cavalry in East Tennessee. by John P. Rea. Read March 10, 1898. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Minnesota Commandery. Vol. V. pps. 17-44. St. Paul. Minn. 1903
- Patriotism in the South. Samuel W. Fordyce. pg. 324-325. Confederate Veteran. Volume V1. Number 7. July. 1898
- Four Years in the Saddle. History of the First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Compiled by W.L. Curry. 401 pgs. Columbus. Ohio. Champlin Printing Co. Columbus. Ohio. 1898
Reprint: Four Years in the Saddle. History of the First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Compiled by W.L. Curry. Columbus. Ohio. 462 pgs. With index. Freedom Hill Press Inc. Jonesboro. Georgia. 1984
- National Tribune. A Cavalry Dash. Experience of a Detachment of the 1st Ohio Cavalry. John Newlove. September 29, 1898
- A History of Co. A., First Ohio Cavalry, 1861-1865. A Memorial Volume, compiled from Personal Records and Living Witnesses. By Lovejoy . Samuel Lovejoy Gillespie. 298 pgs. Press of Ohio Register. Washington C.H., Ohio. December 25, 1898
- Raid of the Union Cavalry, Commanded by General Judson Kilpatrick, Around the Confederate Army in Atlanta, August, 1864. W.L. Curry, Captain, 1st Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. Read 2 November 1898. From Sketches of War History, 1861-1865, Ohio Commandery 1903-1908, Vol. VI, Cincinnati, 1907.
Also in: Journal of the United States Cavalry Association. Fort Leavenworth. pgs 1070-1090. Volume XX. 1910.
Also in some of the volumes of: Curry's History of Jerome Township, Union County, Ohio.
- National Tribune. The Charge of Monterey. A 1st Ohio Cavalryman Relates the Circumstances of a Thrilling Episode. Lovejoy. Co A. (Samuel Lovejoy Gillespie) October 12, 1899. Monterey Pass. Md. Gettysburg Campaign
- Kilpatrick's Raid Around Atlanta. John P. Rea, Brevet Major, Captain 1st Ohio Cavalry. Read May 9, 1899. From Glimpses of the Nations Struggle. Fifth Series. Minnesota Commandery. MOLLUS. 1897-1902. pgs. 152-174. St. Paul, 1903
Also in: The Atlanta Papers. Kerksis, Bearss, Wallace Editors. pgs. 641-665. Morningside Press. Dayton. Ohio. 1980
- Raid of the Confederate Cavalry through Central Tennessee in October, 1863, commanded by General Joseph Wheeler. A paper read before the Ohio Commandery of the Loyal Legion, April 1, 1908. By William L. Curry, Captain 1st Ohio Vol. Cavalry. NP ND
Also in: JUSCA. Fort Leavenworth. pgs. 815-842. Volume XIX. 1909
- National Tribune. Kilpatrick's Raid. William L. Curry. June 23, 1910
- History of Jerome Township. Union County, Ohio. by W.L. Curry. Press of Edward T. Miller Co. Columbus. Ohio. 1913. Contains a history of the 1st OVC on pgs 80-86.
- National Tribune. The Capture of Jeff Davis. William L. Curry. October 23, 1913
- National Tribune. One of the Captors of Jeff Davis. Anonymous. February 26, 1914. John Newlove Obituary
- National Tribune. Reed's Bridge. E.P. Burlingame. August 27, 1914
- Cavalry Service and Cavalry Raids of the Civil War. William L. Curry. In: Society of the Army of the Cumberland, Forty-Ninth Reunion Columbus, Ohio. pgs 141-151. F.J. Heer Printing Co. 1923
- National Tribune. Caught McPherson's Horse. R.H. Barton. July 24, 1924
- National Tribune. That Brush with Roddy. R.H. Barton. September 4, 1924. Russelville, Alabama, July 1, 1862
- National Tribune. His Escape from Danville Prison No. 5. T.A. Morrison. December 25, 1924
- National Tribune. Got Shot in the Hat. William L. Curry. December 31, 1925
- National Tribune. Helped Drive Wheeler Out. William L. Curry. April 22, 1926
- The Soldiers Creed. by Lester J. Cappon. An article concerning Minor Millikin's Soldiers Creed. Ohio Historical Quarterly. #64 pps. 320-327. The Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio. 1955
- William Leontes Curry Papers. William L. Curry. 1st Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. Dates 1832-1926. 4 ft. Also microfilm (6 reels) of the collection. Ohio Historical Society. Archives-Library Division. Columbus. Ohio
- To Make Men Free .... Trudy Yates. Pickaway Quarterly. pgs 11-15. Summer. 1976. Includes the account written by Robert Peters, Co. E of Jeff Davis' Capture
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- From Perryville, Ky., to Atlanta, Ga., the hard-riding 1st Ohio Cavalry fought for "death or glory." by K. Leroy Brown. pgs.12-16. America's Civil War. Volume 11. Number 3. Leesburg. Virginia. July. 1998
- Buckeye Blood: Ohio at Gettysburg. by Richard A. Baumgartner. 254 pgs. Blue Acorn Press. Huntington. West Virginia. 2003
- The Story of Billy Scott and His Captured Confederate Flag. Captain William H. Scott. Co. D. 1st OVC. Condensed and paraphrased from writings by Molly Brown, Lexington, Virginia, 1996. by Emily Larson. pgs. 1-2. The Licking County Historical Society Quarterly. Volume 13. Number 3. Autumn. Newark. Ohio. 2003.
Capt. William H. Scott. Mortally wounded at Lovejoy, Ga., August 20, 1864
HistoryThis Regiment was organized October 5th, 1861, for three years service, under Colonel Owen P. Ransom, who having resigned, Colonels Minor Milliken and B.B. Eggleston afterwards commanded. Companies, A and C, were detached and served in Virginia until the close of the war. The other companies moved with the army through Kentucky and Tennessee, performing scout duty through the summer of 1862. It moved to Louisville in September and south again in October, fighting with the enemy at Bardstown and Perryville. Near Murphreesboro, in December, the Regiment made desparate charges on the Rebels, losing heavily in officers and men. In the summer of 1863 it made successful raids into Georgia and Alabama. It fought at Chickamauga and Mission Ridge, moved to Knoxville, raided in North Carolina, returned and fought Rebel Cavalry, and joined Sherman's Atlanta campaign. In the spring of 1865 it joined the great raid into Alabama capturing Selma and Montgomery, then moved east into Georgia and engaged the enemy until Lee's surrender. The Regiment afterwards garrisoned Georgia and South Carolina until mustered out September 13, 1865.
These officers were killed December 31, 1862, in the battle of Stone River, Tennessee.
From Dyer's Compendium1st Regiment Cavalry. Organized at Camp Chase, Ohio, August 17-October 30, 1861. Left State for Louisville, Ky., December 9, 1861. Attached to 1st Division, Army Ohio, to October, 1862. (Cos. "F," "I," "K," "L" and "M" attached to 5th Division, Army Ohio, May to October, 1862.) Zahm's 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. (Cos. "F," "I," "K," "L" and "M" attached to 2nd Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862.) 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, to May, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, and Dept. of Georgia, to September, 1865.
SERVICE.--Company "B" was at Headquarters of Gen. Mitchel in Kentucky October to December, 1861. Action at West Liberty, Ky., October 23. Rejoined Regiment at Louisville, Ky., December, 1861. Operations near Greensburg and Lebanon, Ky., January 28-February 2, 1862. Moved to Louisville, Ky., February 14, thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 28-March 3. Advance on Columbia March 14-15. Near Columbia March 15. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 28-April 7, thence moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 12. Reconnoissance toward Carrollville and Baldwyn June 3. Skirmish at Blackland June 3. Osborn's and Wolf Creeks, near Blackland, June 4 (Cos. "E," "I" and "M"). Guard duty along Memphis & Charleston Railroad till August. Near Russellsville July 3 (Cos. "B" and "G"). Expedition to Decatur, Ala., July 12-16 (Detachment). Near Davis Gap July 12 (Detachment). Near Decatur July 15 (Co. "I"). Pond Springs July 24. Courtland and Trinity July 25 (Detachment). Moved to Dechard, Tenn., August 1. Salem August 6. Scout to Fayetteville August 17-20. March to Louisville. Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 25. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-22. Cedar Church, near Shepherdstown, October 3. Bardstown October 4. Battle of Perryville October 8 (Detachment). Pursuit of Bragg to Loudon October 10-22. Harrodsburg October 13. Stanford October 14. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 7. Duty there till December 26. Franklin December 12 and 26. Reconnoissance from Rural Hill December 20. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Nolinsville December 26. Near Murfreesboro December 29-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Overall's Creek December 31, 1862. Shelbyville Pike January 5. Duty at Lavergne till June. Reconnoissance from Lavergne May 12. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Moore's Ford, Elk River, July 2. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Expedition to Huntsville July 13-22. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Reconnoissance from Stevenson to Trenton, Ga., August 28-31. Reconnoissance from Winston's Gap to Broomtown Valley September 5. Alpine, Ga., September 3 and 8. Reconnoissance from Alpine toward Lafayette, Ga., September 10. Alpine September 11. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-21. Cotton Port Ford, Tennessee River, September 30. Operations against Wheeler and Roddy September 30-October 17. Greenville October 2. McMinnville October 4. Farmington October 7. Sim's Farm, near Shelbyville, October 7. At Paint Rock till November 18. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Raid on East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad November 24-27. Charleston November 26. Cleveland November 27. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Near Loudoun December 2. Expedition to Murphey, N. C., December 6-11. Charleston and Calhoun December 28. Regiment reenlisted January 4, 1864. Demonstration on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864 (Non-Veterans). Near Dalton February 23. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. Tunnel Hill February 25. Buzzard's Roost February 27. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8, 1864. Decatur, Ala.. May 26. Courtland Road, Ala., May 26. Pond Springs, near Courtland, May 27. Moulton May 28-29. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. McAffee's Cross Roads June 11. Noonday Creek June 15-19 and 27. Kenesaw Mountain June 21. Near Marietta June 23. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Rottenwood Creek July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Raid to Covington July 22-24. Siege of Atlanta July 24-August 15. Garrard's Raid to South River July 27-31. Flat Rock Bridge and Lithonia July 28. Kilpatrick's Raid around Atlanta August 18-22. Flint River and Red Oak August 19. Jonesborough August 19. Lovejoy Station August 20. Operations at Chattahoochee River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2. Operations against Hood and Forest in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Near Lost Mountain October 4-7. New Hope Church October 5. Dallas October 7. Rome October 10-11. Narrows November 11. Coosaville Road, near Rome, November 13. Near Summerville October 18. Little River October 20. Blue Pond and Leesburg October 21. Coosa River October 25. Ladiga, Terrapin Creek, October 28. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., and, duty there till December. Ordered to Gravelly Springs, Ala., December 28, and duty there till March, 1865. Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24. Near Montevallo March 31. Ebenezer Church April 1. Selma April 2. Montgomery April 12-13. Crawford and Girard April. Columbus and West Point April 16. Capture of Macon April 20. Irwinsville, Ga., May 10. Capture of Jeff Davis. Duty in Georgia and South Carolina till September. Mustered out September 13, 1865.
Companies "A" and "C" ordered to West Virginia September 17, 1861. Attached to Army of Occupation, West Virginia, to October, 1861. Cheat Mountain District. West Virginia, to January, 1862. Landers' Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Shields' 2nd Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Cavalry, Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Headquarters 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Price's Cavalry Brigade, Military District of Washington, D.C., to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Stahel's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to June, 1863. Headquarters 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. Defences of Washington, D.C., to January, 1864. Participating in skirmish at Bloomery Gap, Va., February 4, 1862. Advance on Winchester March 7-15. Battle of Winchester March 23. Occupation of Mr. Jackson April 17. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Catlett's Station August 22. Centreville August 27-28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Duty in Defences of Washington till June, 1863. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3, 1863. Monterey Gap July 4. Emmettsburg July 5. Hagerstown July 6-12. Falling Waters July 14. Hartwood Church August 28. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Hartwood Church November 5. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. In Defences of Washington, D.C., till January, 1864, when rejoined Regiment. Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 150 Enlisted men by disease. Total 204.
Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.
Thanks to Ed Keen of the Toledo CWRT for a few of the sources on this page.
More about the Civil War in Ohio.
Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens
Last updated December 11 2009