51st Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Principal Musician Peter S. Huffman
F & S, 51st OVI
Imprint J.C. Price New Philadelphia Oh
Courtesy of and Copyright © B. Pruden Collection


This Regiment was organized October, 3, 1861, under Colonel Fitzgerald, who having resigned, Colonel Stanley Matthews took command. The 51st went to Kentucky in November, and in February, 1862, moved to Nashville. It operated against Bragg, and was present at Perryville. At Stone River it fought with fearful loss, and at Chickamauga performed splendid service. It participated in the storming of Lookout Mountain and the victory at Mission Ridge. In May, 1864, the Regiment joined Sherman's Atlanta campaign, taking part in all the great battles; followed Hood north into Tennessee; fighting under Thomas at Nashville, and joined the pursuit of Hood south. In March, 1865, it moved into East Tennessee, and in April back to Nashville, where it was soon transferred to Texas, performing arduous duty until mustered out in November, 1865.

From Dyer's Compendium

51st Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Meigs, near Canal Dover, Tuscarawas county, September 17 to October 26, 1861. Moved to Wellsville November 3, thence to Louisville, Ky., and duty there till December 10. Attached to 15th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December, 1861. 15th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, to March, 1862. Unattached, Nashville, Tenn., to June, 1862. 10th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, to July, 1862. 23rd Independent Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to August, 1862. 23rd Brigade, 5th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 23rd Brigade, 5th Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, to June, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Dept. of Texas to October, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Camp Wickliffe, Ky., till February, 1862. Expedition down the Ohio River to reinforce General Grant, thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 14-25. Occupation of Nashville February 25. Provost duty there till July 9. Moved to Tullahoma, Tenn., and joined Nelson's Division. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-22. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Dobbins' Ferry, near Lawrence, December 9. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. At McMinnville till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountain and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Lookout Mountain November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ringgold Gap, Taylor's Ridge November 27. Duty at Whiteside till January, 1864. Reenlisted January 1, 1864. At Blue Springs, near Cleveland, till May. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Tunnel Hill May 6-7. Demonstration on Rocky Face Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Near Kingston May 18-19. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Moved to Pulaski, Tenn. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Moved to Huntsville, Ala., and duty there till March, 1865. Operations in East Tennessee March 15-April 22. Duty at Nashville, Tenn., till June. Ordered to New Orleans, La., June 16, thence to Texas. Duty at Indianola, Green Lake and Victoria, Texas, to October. Mustered out at Victoria October 3, 1865. Discharged at Columbus, Ohio, November 3, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 108 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 233 Enlisted men by disease. Total 346.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated October 9 2014