34th Ohio Infantry
Piatt's Zouaves
1st Regiment Zouaves

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Joseph Allen Frith. Company D.
Image courtesy of Art Frith.


Organized in July and August, 1861, under Colonel Abraham S. Piatt, it saw its first service the same fall in Western Virginia, and took part in the various operations in the Kanawha Valley up to 1864. In that summer it joined Hunter in the disasterous raid up the Shenandoah Valley, and was with Crook's command at the battle of Winchester, losing their Lt. Colonel; and to its grand satisfaction was again at Winchester with Sheridan, losing six color bearers on that memorable day. Those escaping the affair at Beverly - where the Regiment doing post duty was captured in January, 1865 - were consolidated with the 36th Ohio Infantry.

From Dyer's Compendium

34th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Lucas, Ohio. Moved to Camp Dennison, Ohio, September 1, 1861; thence to West Virginia September 15. Arrived at Camp Enyart, Kanawha River, September 20. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to October, 1861. Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains, to September, 1862. Point Pleasant, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. Unassigned, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to February, 1865.
SERVICE.--Action at Chapmansville, W. Va., September 25, 1861. Duty at Camp Red House October, and at Barboursville November. Guard and scout duty and operating against guerrillas in Cabell, Putnam, Mason, Wayne and Logan Counties till March, 1862. Moved to Gauley Bridge March, and at Fayetteville April. Cox's demonstrations on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 10-18. Princeton May 15-17. Retreat to Flat Top Mountain May 18, and duty there till August. At Fayetteville till September. Campaign in the Kanawha Valley September 6-16. Loring's attack on Fayetteville September 10. Cotton Mountain September 11. Charleston September 12-13. At Point Pleasant till October 15. At Fayetteville till May, 1863. Regiment mounted May, 1863. Expedition to Virginia & Tennessee Railroad July 13-25. Wytheville July 18-19 and 27. Scouts from Camp Platt September 11-13. Elk River September 12. Scouts from Charleston to Boone Court House October 21-26. Expedition from Charleston to Lewisburg November 3-13. Little Sewell Mountain November 6. Muddy Creek and capture of Lewisburg November 7. Second Creek, near Union, November 8. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-25. Regiment reenlisted December 23, 1863, and mustered as a Veteran organization January 19, 1864. Crook's Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19, 1864 (Detachment). Averill's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 5-19. Callahan Station May 4. Jeffersonville May 8. Abb's Valley, Wytheville, May 9. Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Grassy Lick, Cove Mountain, near Wytheville, May 10. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Buffalo Gap June 6. Lexington June 11. Buchanan June 14. New London June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Catawba Mountains and near Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Stephenson's Depot July 20. Battle of Winchester July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Bolivar Heights August 24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty near Kernstown till December. Moved to Webster December 22, thence to Beverly, and garrison duty there till January, 1865. Rosser's attack on Beverly January 11. Many of Regiment captured. Regiment consolidated with 36th Ohio Infantry February 22, 1865. Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 120 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 260.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

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Copyright © 2012 Larry Stevens

Last updated November 4 2012