18th Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Sgt. B.F. Davis Co. E. 18th OVI
Courtesy of and Copyright © L.M. Strayer Collection


Organized May 29th, 1861, for three months, and August 6th, 1861, for three years service, under Colonel Timothy R. Stanley, it moved to Kentucky and served under General Mitchell in that State, Tennessee and Alabama. It participated in the battle of Stone River, where it lost 183 officers and men, and at Chickamauga, where its gallantry was noticed in general orders. The Regiment was re-organized in the fall of 1864, under Col. C.H. Grosvenor, and took part in the battle of Nashville with Thomas, where its loss was very severe. It followed in the pursuit of Hood to Tuscumbia, from whence it marched to Chattanooga. After the war it served in Georgia and was not mustered out until October 22, 1865.

From Dyer's Compendium

18th Regiment Infantry (3 Months). Companies "A," "C" and "E" enrolled at Ironton, Ohio, April 22, 1861; Company "B" at Marietta April 27; Company "D" at McArthur April 18; Company "F" at Gallipolis April 22; Company "I" at Jackson April 24; Company "K" at Beverly April 23, 1861. Regiment organized at Parkersburg and organization perfected May 29, 1861. Companies sent to different points on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and guard railroad and trains between Parkersburg and Clarksburg, W. Va., till August. Mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, August 28, 1861, expiration of term.

18th Regiment Infantry (3 Years). Organized at Athens, Ohio, August 16 to September 28, 1861. Moved to Camp Dennison, Ohio, and organization there completed November 4, 1861. Moved to Louisville, Ky., November 6, thence to Elizabethtown, Ky., November 15. Attached to 8th Brigade, Army of the Ohio to December, 1861. 8th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Ohio, to July, 1862. Unattached, Railroad Guard, Army Ohio, to September, 1862. 29th Brigade, 8th Division, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Center 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, st Division, 14th Army Corps, to November, 1863. Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to November, 1864.
SERVICE.--Duty at Elizabethtown and Bacon Creek, Ky., November, 1861, to February, 1862. Advance on Bowling Green, Ky., February 10-15, and on Nashville, Tenn., February 18-25. Occupation of Nashville, Tenn., February 25-March 18. Reconnoissance to Shelbyville, Tullahoma and McMinnville March 25-28. To Fayetteville April 7. Expedition to Huntsville, Ala., April 10-11. Capture of Huntsville April 11. Advance on and capture of Decatur April 11-14. Operations near Athens, Limestone Bridge, Mooresville and Elk River May 1-2. Near Pulaski and near Bridgeport May 1. Moved to Fayetteville May 31. Negley's Expedition to Chattanooga June 1-15. At Battle Creek till July 11. Guard duty along Tennessee & Alabama Railroad from Tullahoma to McMinnville till September. Short Mountain Road and McMinnville August 29 (Cos. "A" and "I"). Retreat to Nashville, Tenn. Siege of Nashville September 12-November 7. Near Lavergne October 7. Duty at Nashville till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Davis Cross Roads or Dug Gap September 11. Battle of Chickamauga September 19 21. Rossville Gap September 21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Brown's Ferry October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Engaged in Engineer duty at Chattanooga till October 20, 1864. Mustered out November 9, 1864. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 72 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 107 Enlisted men by disease. Total 184.

18th Regiment Veteran Infantry. Organized at Chattanooga, Tenn., by consolidation of the Veteran detachments of the 1st, 2nd, 18th, 24th and 35th Ohio Infantry October 31, 1864. Attached to Post of Chattanooga, Dept. of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Separate Division, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865. District of Augusta, Ga., to October, 1865.
SERVICE.--Occupation of Nashville, Tenn., during Hood's investment December 1-15. Battles of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Duty at Chattanooga January 10 to April, 1865, and at Fort Phelps till July. Guard and provost duty at Augusta, Ga., till October. Mustered out at Augusta, Ga., October 9, and discharged at Columbus, Ohio, October 22, 1865. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 19 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 53 Enlisted men by disease. Total 74.

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Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated December 13 2010