1st Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Langdon Photo
Lt. Colonel E. Bassett Langdon

History

Organized in April, 1861, for three months service, under Colonel Alex. M. McCook, it served near Washington City, in Schenck's Brigade. Organized for three years service, in August, 1861, under Colonel Benj. F. Smith, it served under Buell, at Shiloh; with Rosecrans at Stone River and Chickamauga; with Grant at Mission Ridge, and with Sherman on the Atlanta campaign. The Regiment was mustered out October 14th, 1864. It was engaged in 24 battles and skirmishes, lost 527 men in action, and marched 2,500 miles.

From Dyer's Compendium

1st Regiment Infantry (3 Months). Organized at large April 14 to April 29, 1861. Mustered in April 17, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., April 19, and duty in the Defences of that city till July. Attached to Schenck's Brigade, Tyler's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia. Actions at Vienna, Va., June 17 and July 9. McDowell's advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Occupation of Fairfax Court House, Va., July 17. Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21. Cover retreat to Washington. Ordered to Ohio and mustered out August 2, 1861, expiration of term.

1st Regiment Infantry (3 Years). Organized at Camp Corwin, Dayton, Ohio, August 5 to October 30, 1861. Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, October 31; thence to Louisville, Ky., November 5, and to West Point, Ky., November 8. Moved to Elizabethtown and Camp Nevin, Ky., November 15-16. Camp at Bacon Creek and Green River, Ky., till February, 1862. Attached to 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to September, 1864.
SERVICE.--March to Nashville, Tenn., February 14-25, 1862. Occupation of Nashville February 25 to March 16. March to Duck River March 16-21, and to Savannah, Tenn., March 31-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss.. April 29-May 30. Duty at Corinth till June 10. Moved to Iuka, Miss., thence to Tuscumbia, Florence and Huntsville, Ala., June 10-July 5. Duty at Boulay Fork till August 30. Expedition to Tullahoma July 14-18. March to Pelham August 24, thence to Altamont August 28. Reconnoissance toward Sequatchie Valley August 29-30. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 30-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-17. Lawrenceburg October 8. Dog Walk, Perryville, October 9. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 17-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Kimbrough's Mills, Mill Creek, December 6. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Liberty Gap June 24-27. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16- September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-October 27. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Brown's Ferry October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23. Mission Ridge November 24-25. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. East Tennessee Campaign December, 1863- January, 1864. Operations about Dandridge January 16-17, 1864. Operations in East Tennessee till April. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to July 25. Demonstration on Rocky Face Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18-19. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-26. Ordered to the rear for muster out. Scout from Whitesides, Tenn., to Sulphur Springs September 2-5 (Detachment). Mustered out September 24 to October 14, 1864. Recruits transferred to 18th Ohio Volunteers Infantry October 31, 1864. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 116 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 251.

Original Companies

A-Lancaster Guards; B-Lafayette Guards (Dayton);
C-Dayton Light Guards; D-Montgomery Guards;
E-Cleveland Grays; F-Hibernian Guards (Cleveland);
G-Portsmouth Guards; H-Zanesville Guards;
I-Mansfield Guards; K-Jackson Guards (Hamilton)
From: The Military History of Ohio. By H.H. Hardesty

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Copyright © 2012 Larry Stevens

Last updated October 30 2012