1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery M
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- James Barnett Papers. James Barnett. Army officer. Cleveland, Ohio. Concerns Barnett's service with the 1st Ohio Light Artillery in the Civil War. 4 boxes. Western Reserve Historical Society. History Library. Cleveland. Ohio
- Eban P. Sturges Civil War Diaries, 1862-1864. Eban P. Sturges, Jr. (on rosters as Sturgis). Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery 1st Regiment Companies B, M, I and E. 4 volumes. v.1. Diary, Oct.-Dec. 1862 (VOL 889) - v.2. Diary, Mar.-Nov. 1863 (VOL 890) - v.3. Diary, Jan.-Mar., Nov. 1863-Apr. 1864 (VOL 891) - v.4. Diary, Jul. 1864-Jan. 1865 (VOL 892). Call# VOL 889-892. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- National Tribune. Then was a Tug of War. Daniel Vesper. June 2, 1904
- National Tribune. Who was the Mule Driver? James E. Twiname. October 7, 1909
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
HistoryOrganized as early as 1860, under the Ohio Militia laws, under Colonel James Barnett, it was ready for service when the war broke out. It consisted of twelve batteries, and after serving three months in West Virginia was mustered for three years September 3, 1861. Each Battery has a separate history, having served almost independently on different fields. Batteries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and M followed the Army of the Cumberland under Buell to Shiloh, and took part in the battles of Stone River, Perryville, Chickamauga and Mission Ridge. They engaged in the many battles in Sherman's Atlanta campaign, and part joined Thomas in his hard fought battles about Franklin and Nashville. The others marched to the sea and through the Carolinas with Sherman. Batteries H and L fought all through the sanguinary battles of the Army of the Potomac, and Batteries I and K fought both east and west, having been transferred with Hooker's Corps to the west in 1863. This Regiment of Light Artillery has inscribed upon its banners nearly all of the great battles of the war, and part of it embraced a period of service of over five years.
From Dyer's CompendiumBattery "M" 1st Regiment Light Artillery. Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, and mustered in December 3, 1861. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., December 3; thence moved to Bacon Creek, Ky., and duty there till February, 1862. Attached to Artillery Reserve, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 8th Division, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1864. 2nd Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Chattanooga, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to April, 1865.
SERVICE.--March to Nashville, Tenn., February 10-March 3, 1862, and to Savannah, Tenn., March 17-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. Garrison duty at Nashville, Tenn., August to December, 1862. Advance on Murfreesboro, Tenn., December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Davis Cross Roads or Dug Gap September 11. Near Blue Bird Gap September 11. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Mission Ridge November 24-25. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., December, 1863, and duty there till June, 1864. Joined Sherman's army at Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 25. Operations against Kenesaw Mountain June 25-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Chattahoochie River July 3-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Ordered to Chattanooga, Tenn., September, and duty there till December. Mustered out (Non-Veterans) at Camp Dennison, Ohio, December 17, 1864. Veterans and Recruits garrison at Chattanooga, Tenn., till April, 1865. Consolidated with Battery "I," 1st Ohio Light Artillery, April 11, 1865. Battery lost during service 2 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 17 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.
Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.
More about the Civil War in Ohio.
Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens
Last updated September 7 2006