1st Kentucky Volunteer Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit


Organized at Camp Clay, Pendleton, Ohio, in June 1861 under Col. James V. Guthrie. The Regiment was composed entirely of Ohio men at its organization. It performed much valuable service in the early engagements of the war in West Virginia. On Col. Guthrie's resignation in late 1861 Col. David A. Enyart took command and led the regiment until mustered out of service. The unit fought in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Stone River and Chickamauga. Company E was detached as Artillery in January 1862 and designated Simmond's Independent Battery, Kentucky Light Artillery and later redesignated 23rd Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery. The Regiment was mustered out of service at Covington, Ky, by reason of expiration of term of service on June 18, 1864. The Ohio men who lost their lives in defense of the nation were ninety-seven in number, forty-two were killed in battle, fifteen died of wounds received in battle and forty died of disease.

From: Roster of Ohio Soldiers 1861-1866. Volume XII

From Dyer's Compendium

1st Regiment Kentucky Infantry. First organized at Pendleton, Ohio, for three months April and May, 1861, but not recognized by Kentucky till June, when reorganized for three years. Duty at Pendleton, Ohio, April to July, 1861. Ordered to the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., July 10, 1861. Attached to Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to October, 1861. District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to January, 1862. 22nd Brigade, Army of Ohio, to February, 1862. 22nd Brigade, 4th Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 22nd Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, to June, 1864.
SERVICE.--Campaign in West Virginia July to October, 1861. March to Sissonville in rear of Wise, returning via Ravenswood and Charleston July 14-26. Moved to Gauley, arriving August 1. Moved to Camp Piatt, arriving August 25. Gauley Bridge August 28. Boone Court House September 1. Peytonia September 12. Moved to Raleigh September 20-27. Chapmansville September 25. Return to Gauley, arriving October 10. Operations in the Kanawha Valley October 19-November 16. Skirmish at Gauley Bridge October 28. Attack on Gauley by Floyd's Batteries November 1-9. Pursuit of Floyd November 10. Duty at Charleston December 4 to January 5, 1862. Ordered to Kentucky January 5, 1862. Camp near Bardstown January 24-February 13. March to Nashville, Tenn., February 14-March 12, and to Savannah, Tenn., March 13-April 5. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Phillips Creek, Widow Serratt's, May 21. Bridge Creek, before Corinth, May 28. Occupation of Corinth May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. Buell's Campaign in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg, August 21-September 25. Pursuit of Bragg to Loudon, Ky., October 1-22. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Camp Wild Cat October 17. Nelson's Cross Roads October 18. Destruction of Salt Works at Goose Creek October 23-24. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 24-November 9, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Lavergne December 26-27. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Cripple Creek till June. Expedition to Woodbury April 2. Snow Hill, Woodbury,, April 3. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 24-July 7. At Manchester July 9 to August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Pea Vine Creek September 10. Lee and Gordon's Mills September 11-13. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga September 24-October 27. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Duty at Bridgeport, Ala., till January 26, 1864. At Ooltewah, Ga., till May 17, and at Resaca till May 29. Ordered to Kentucky May 29. Operations against Morgan's Invasion of Kentucky May 31-June 18. Mt. Sterling June 9. Mustered out June 18, 1864. Regiment lost during service 60 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 82 Enlisted men by disease. Total 143.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated April 22 2000