18th US Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

History

The Eighteenth Regiment United States Infantry was composed of 24 companies. The Second Battalion of eight companies was organized at Camp Thomas, near Columbus, Ohio, during the summer of 1861. H.B. Carrington, who was then Adjutant General of Ohio, was appointed Colonel of the Regiment. Col. Carrington was afterward promoted to Brigadier General. The Regiment was ordered to Kentucky, early in the winter of 1861, and its first battle was at Mill Springs, under Gen. Thomas. It marched with the army under Gen. Buell to Pittsburg Landing, took part in the siege of Corinth, and was engaged in the battles of Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain and Atlanta. The regiment sustained its heaviest loss in the engagement at Stone River. After the fall of Atlanta, it was transferred to the Twenty-third Corps, and fought under Gen. Schofield at Franklin and Nashville, Tenn., then moved with the Corps to the Department of the East, and at the close of the war was at Fort Fisher. During the greater part of the war, the regiment was commanded by Maj. Townsand. It was a splendid regiment and saw much hard service in the Army of the Cumberland. On every battle-field where it fought the Eighteenth was conspicuous for the bravery of its officers and men.

From:
War History of Union County...
by W.L. Curry. Marysville. Ohio. 1883

From Dyer's Compendium

18th Regiment Infantry. Organized by direction of the President May 4, 1861, and confirmed by Act of Congress July 29, 1861. Regiment organized at Columbus, Ohio. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., December 2, 1861. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to December, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1864. Regular Brigade, Chattanooga, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Separate Division, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Operations in Southeast Kentucky December, 1861, to February, 1862. Advance to Camp Hamilton, Ky., January 1-17, 1862. Logan's Cross Roads, Mill Springs, January 19-20. Moved to Louisville, Ky., thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 10-March 2. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-22. Near Bardstown October 6. Battle of Perryville October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty near Murfreesboro till June. Eaglesville March 2 (Detachment). Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover's Gap June 24-26. Beech Grove June 26. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-21. Rossville Gap September 21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Battles of Chattanooga November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Graysville November 26. Pea Vine Creek November 27. Reconnoissance of Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Face Ridge February 23-25. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Rocky Face Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Pickett's Mills May 27. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17, Assault on Kenesaw Mountain June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. At Atlanta till September 28. Moved to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-30, thence to Lookout Mountain and duty there till July, 1865. Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 209 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 6 Officers and 246 Enlisted men by disease. Total 470.

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Copyright © 1998 Larry Stevens

Last updated January 24 2004