McLaughlin's Squadron of Cavalry
Ohio, Civil War

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Francis Redding (L) and Peter M. Redding (R)
Company A, McLaughlin's Squadron


Organized in October, 1861, under Major William McLaughlin of Mansfield, the squadron left for the field late in November. It went to Eastern Kentucky to look after Humphrey Marshall's Rebel command in that area. It operated with Colonel Garfield and the 42nd Ohio Infantry in the battles of Middle Creek, Pikeville and Pound Gap. It was sent to Gladesville, West Virginia and burned the town and afterward surprised and captured a Rebel regiment being formed by Colonel Caudle. The unit scouted and skirmished with the enemy throughout 1862 and 1863. August 1863 found it marching to Knoxville where it performed escort and picket duty. It re-enlisted in January 1864 and furloughed in Ohio. It returned in the spring and took part in Stoneman's raid on Macon where it suffered severely in killed wounded and missing. It took part in Sherman's Atlanta campaign and the march to the sea. It rode up through the Carolinas fighting at Bentonville and Blackville. The unit was consolidated with the 5th Ohio Cavalry in July, 1865. It stayed in North Carolina until November, 1865, and was then sent to Ohio and mustered out.

From Dyer's Compendium

McLaughlin's Independent Squadron Cavalry. Organized at Mansfield, Ohio, October and November, 1861. Left State for Kentucky November 29, 1861. Attached to 18th Brigade, Army Ohio, to March, 1862. District of Eastern Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to July, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, to November, 1862. District of Eastern Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to June 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to September, 1863. Headquarters 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Kentucky, 5th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1864. Mounted Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to October, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Kilpatrick's 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Garfield's Campaign in Eastern Kentucky against Humphrey Marshall December 23, 1861, to January 30, 1862. Garfield's Expedition to the Big Sandy September 23-30, 1861. Advance on Paintsville December 31, 1861, to January 8, 1862. Action at Jennies January 7, 1862. Occupation of Paintsville January 8. Abbott's Hill January 9. Middle Creek January 10. Prestonburg January 11. Expedition to the Little Sandy January 24-30. Expedition to Pound Gap, Cumberland Mountains, March 14-17. Action at Pound Gap March 16. Duty at Piketown till June. Moved to Prestonburg, thence to Louisa, Ky., July 15. Duty at Louisa till December. Operations in District of Eastern Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to August, 1863. Skirmishes near Louisa March 25-26, 1863. Expedition from Beaver Creek into Southwest Virginia July 3-11. Capture of Abingdon, Va., July 5. Action at Gladesville, Va., July 7. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. Escort and picket duty at Knoxville till January 10, 1864. Near Loudoun November 14. Siege of Knoxville, Tenn., November 17-December 5. Moved to Nicholasville, Ky. Duty there and in Kentucky till June. Moved to Join Stoneman June 13-19. Join Sherman's Army near Big Shanty, Ga., June 26. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 26-September 8. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. On line of the Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Stoneman's Raid to Macon July 27-August 6. Macon and Clinton July 30. Hillsborough July 30-31. Sunshine Church August 3. Jug Tavern and Mulberry Creek August 3. Siege of Atlanta August 11-September 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Bear Creek Station November 16. Walnut Creek and East Macon November 20. Waynesboro November 27-28. Buckhead Creek, or Reynolds' Plantation, November 28. Rocky Creek Church December 2. Waynesboro December 4. Ebenezer Creek December 8. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Aiken and Blackville, S.C., February 11. North Edisto River February 12-13. Phillips Cross Roads, N. C., March 4. Taylor's Hole Creek, Averysboro. March 16. Bentonville March 19-21. Raleigh April 12-13. Morrisville April 13. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Concord, N. C., till July. Moved to Raleigh and consolidated with 5th Ohio Cavalry July 28, 1865. Squadron lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 49 Enlisted men by disease. Total 50.

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Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated June 11 2001