1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery D

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Pvt. Frederick W. Born, unknown, Henry Born.
F.W. Born served in 1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery D.
Courtesy of and Copyright © Brad Pruden Collection.


Organized as early as 1860, under the Ohio Militia laws, under Colonel James Barnett, it was ready for service when the war broke out. It consisted of twelve batteries, and after serving three months in West Virginia was mustered for three years September 3, 1861. Each Battery has a separate history, having served almost independently on different fields. Batteries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and M followed the Army of the Cumberland under Buell to Shiloh, and took part in the battles of Stone River, Perryville, Chickamauga and Mission Ridge. They engaged in the many battles in Sherman's Atlanta campaign, and part joined Thomas in his hard fought battles about Franklin and Nashville. The others marched to the sea and through the Carolinas with Sherman. Batteries H and L fought all through the sanguinary battles of the Army of the Potomac, and Batteries I and K fought both east and west, having been transferred with Hooker's Corps to the west in 1863. This Regiment of Light Artillery has inscribed upon its banners nearly all of the great battles of the war, and part of it embraced a period of service of over five years.

From Dyer's Compendium

Battery "D" 1st Regiment Light Artillery. Organized at Camp Dennison, near Cincinnati, Ohio, September, 1861. Moved to Mt. Sterling, Ky., October 1-10. Attached to Nelson's Command, Mr. Sterling, Ky., to December, 1861. Artillery, 2nd Division, Army of Ohio, to February, 1862. Artillery, 4th Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. Captured at Munfordsville, Ky. 33rd Brigade, 10th Division, 1st Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862 (1 Section). 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to December, 1862 (Section). Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to March, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to December, 1863 (Section). Battery at Columbus, Ohio, January to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of Ohio, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to April, 1864. Artillery, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to February, 1865. Artillery, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Skirmish at West Liberty, Ky., October 23, 1861. Nelson's Expedition up the Big Sandy October 23-November 17. Ivy Creek November 7, Ivy Mountain November 8. Moved to Louisville, Ky., November 17-25; thence to Munfordsville, Ky., November 28-29. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February 13-25, 1862. Occupation of Nashville February 25. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 18-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Occupation of Corinth May 30. Pursuit to Booneville October 31-June 12. Buell's Campaign in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee till August. March to Lebanon, thence to Munfordsville, Ky., August 23-September 6. Siege of Munfordsville September 14-17. Battery captured September 17, except Newell's Section, which participated in the pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-15. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Assigned to duty with Minty's Cavalry Brigade November, 1862. Gallatin, Tenn., November 8. Lebanon November 9. Rural Hill November 15. Hollow Tree Gap December 4. Wilson's Creek Road December 11. Franklin December 12. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Lavergne December 26. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Stewart's Creek January 1, 1863. Lavergne January 1. Expedition against Forest January 9-19. Expedition to Franklin January 31-February 10. Unionville and Rover January 31. Rover February 13. Bradysville February 16. Expedition toward Columbia March 4-14. Rover March 4. Expedition from Franklin to Columbia March 8-12. Thompson's Station March 9. Rutherford Creek March 10-11. Expedition to Auburn, Liberty, Snow Hill, etc., April 2-6. Snow Hill, Woodbury, April 3. Franklin April 10. Expedition to McMinnville April 20-30. Near Murfreesboro June 3. Shelbyville Pike and operations on Edgefield Pike, near Murfreesboro, June 4. Marshall's Pass June 4. Scout on Middleton and Eagleville Pike June 10. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Eagleville and Rover June 23. Middleton June 24. Fosterville, Guy's Gap and Shelbyville June 27. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Expedition to Huntsville July 13-22. Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Reconnoissance toward Rome, Ga., September 11. Alpine and Dirt Town, Lafayette Road, Chattanooga River, September 12. Reconnoissance toward Lafayette and skirmish September 13. Near Stevens' Gap September 18. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Cotton's Ferry September 30. Anderson's Cross Roads October 2. Farmington October 7. Rejoined Battery at Knoxville, Tenn., December. Battery reorganized at Columbus, Ohio, January, 1863. Ordered to Lexington, Ky., thence to Mt. Vernon, Ky., April 4-18. Saunder's Raid into East Tennessee June 14-24, Knoxville June 19-20. Strawberry Plains June 20. Powder Springs, Ga., June 21. Burnside's Campaign in Fast Tennessee August 16-October 17. Expedition to Cumberland Gap September 3-7. Operations about Cumberland Gap September 7-10. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4. Reenlisted January, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September, 1864. Movements on Dalton May 5-8. Demonstration on Rocky Face Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Cartersville May 20. Kingston May 24. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Cheyney's Farm June 22. Olley's Farm June 26-27. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 3-26. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Columbia Ford November 28-29. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Movement to North Carolina January 15-February 9, 1865. Fort Anderson February 18-19. Town Creek February 19-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Gulleys March 31. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Raleigh and Greensboro, N. C., till July. Mustered out July 15, 1865. Battery lost during service 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 28 Enlisted men by disease. Total 36.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated February 12 2008